Plug or Cord Defective
Problem: The detachable plug,
which inserts into an appliance such as a roaster or
waffle iron, becomes defective or a small appliance cord
becomes frayed or damaged.
Background: Appliance plugs used on small heating
appliances are commonly found in three sizes, and may or
may not have a control. The cords usually have 2 insulated
wires covered by an asbestos protector and a braided
cover. Heavy-duty, rubber-covered cords are often used for
vacuum cleaners and washing machines and may contain
either 2 or 3 wires.
What to do: To replacing the receptacle plug, see
To replace the plug, end, which fits
into the appliance, disconnect the cord and the receptacle
and disassemble the plug on the end of the cord that
connects to the appliance. Keep track of the placement of
Remove 2½ inches of outer covering on the cord, and run
the cord end through the plug’s spring protector.
Temporarily fit the wires into 1 of the 2 plug casing
halves to deter mine where to cut the individual wires so
they are of proper length. Then remove ½ inch of the
rubber insulation from the end of each wire and tie an
underwriter’s knot (see
Plug Detective). Pull the cord back snugly against the spring protector
and attach wires to terminals on the clips. Place terminal
clips and spring into I of the plug casing halves and fit
the other half over it, replacing the screws or clamps
that hold the casing together. Inspect receptacle plug at
the other end of cord, and replace it if necessary.
Special advice: Splicing of broken wires within a
cord is not recommended, and any cords spliced on a
temporary basis should be replaced as soon as possible.
Splicing for emergency use can be done by cutting out the
broken piece and inserting a cord connector. Or an
emergency splice can be done by cutting out the broken
section, stripping 1 inch of insulation from the wires,
twisting them together, and wrapping tape around each
wire, then around both wires, and then overlapping the
tape onto the cord. Note: Never splice house wiring even
on a temporary basis. When replacing cords, buy
replacements that match the original in wire size and
Helpful hint: Always
turn any control to “off” and disconnect an appliance cord
first from the wall outlet rather than from the appliance.
Avoid grabbing the cord to disconnect; grasp the plug
instead. Keep oil and grease away from appliance cords, do
not place cords under rugs or in doorjambs, avoid sharp
bends, and store in a cool and dry place.
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