Finishes & Glazes Asked Questions

Can I faux finish over my wallpaper, paneling or heavily damaged and patched walls?
Wallpaper must be primed using a flat alkyd primer and basecoated twice but the seams will always show. Faux finishing will distract the eye enough to erase most of it visually. Paneling can be sanded lightly and painted with alkyd primer and then with either alkyd or latex paint. Heavily damaged and roughly repaired walls must have the repairs sealed and crack free. The heavier plaster texture will hide everything but not the Italian Plastering which is put on very thin and then polished.
Can any of your "Great Wall Finishes" be used on exterior surfaces?
No. All of faux techniques are meant for interior surfaces only.
Are glazes safe to use in my child's room?
Most water-based glazes are safe. Oil-based or alkyd-based glazes are not and should be clear coated after drying with a waterbased urethane.
Can a faux finish be used on cabinets & furniture?
Yes. Care must be given to preparing the surface with the proper primer and covered with a good quality water-based urethane. Never put a water-based paint or glaze on an alkyd surface. if you are not sure swab the surface with rubbing alcohol, if it rubs off it is a water-based finish. Semi-gloss or gloss surfaces either alkyd or water-based latex paint must have a light sanding before the faux finish begins.
How can I make sure my faux finish is washable?
On walls of bathrooms, kid's rooms, kitchens and stairwells use one coat of water-based urethane in the lowest sheen as a protective coating. Use two coats of semi-gloss on floors. Wait 24 hours after faux finishing before applying.
What happens when the glaze starts to dry before I am finished?
Some glazes that dry in 15 minutes are not suggested for colourwashing, denim or suede finishes. Read the label for opentime, use glazes that stay open at least 45 minutes. Turn off the air conditioning and work steadily with all your supplies within easy reach. Make sure you have enough mixed to reach the end of the project and do not stop until you reach a corner. Never go back over an area while it is wet. It will remove the glaze and make a hole. Use two people if you are unsure, one to apply a wide strip and one to remove it.
How do I soften the effects if it is too vivid?
Wait until it is dry and go over it again with a very thin lighter coloured version.
How long before a newly painted basecoat can be faux finished?
Overnight. If taping is required we recommend that you wait at least 4 days. Beware! Even low tack tape can tear the base coat surface. Do not leave on for long periods of time.
Can a faux finish be painted over?
Most faux finishes can be painted over with 2 coats of a good quality paint but techniques with texture such as leather, Italian Plaster, heavily textured drywall and even the denim finish which has heavy brush strokes must be skim coated with a drywall compound. It then must be sanded, primed and painted as usual.
How do I achieve a fresco finish?
Texture the wall with a drywall compound, sand and prime with a masonry primer. Or, if the actual texture is not wanted, proceed as below. Use a top quality 4" soft bristle brush and apply one or more colours by dipping in each colour and using wide overlapping rainbow strokes. Pat off the excess using cheesecloth and blend out the edges in 3' x 3' areas at one time. Use a small narrow brush after a full wall length is done to remove the excess from the corners, ceiling and baseboard cracks.
What is the difference between rag rolling and ragging ?
Rag rolling uses a square of cotton dipped in diluted paint or a glaze mixture. Squeezed and then twisted into a cylinder shape and rolled softly down the wall, replenishing the paint when the pattern starts to fade. Ragging-on uses a rag bunched into a carnation shape and patted over the surface.
How do I choose good colour combinations?
Selecting colour for your home is a personal matter. There are no strict rules governing the selection of a colour scheme. The first step in selecting a colour scheme usually is to decide on the main colour to be used in the room. if you don't know which colours you will be happiest living with, glance through your wardrobe. If you do not see any red, you probably would not like living in a room decorated in a red colour scheme.
Proportion and balance are important. After you decide which colour will be dominant, add other colours in unequal amounts. A guideline is to select the dominant colour for use in about two-thirds of the room and use the other colour in lessening amounts. The floor covering in a room is often the part of the decor that home owners do not want to change. If this is your case, the floor covering colour must be a consideration when selecting a colour scheme.
Start with the paint colour chips. Keep in mind that the colour will be much more intense on a large wall than on a small paint chip. Take the paint chips home and examine them in the room you will be painting, under both natural daylight and artificial night lighting. If you are still unsure about your colour choice, buy the colour that seems best in the smallest quantity. Brush out several 2 ft. x 2ft. samples on the wall. When it is dry look at the sample in the morning and evening. Usually for a more dramatic effect, use a darker coloured glaze over a light colour. For a softer look, use a similar coloured glaze over a basecoat than is slightly darker than the glaze.
Oil paint uses a binder or resin that is derived from a vegetable oil such as linseed or soya bean. This resin is usually dissolved in a solvent such as mineral spirits.
What is alkyd paint?
Alkyd paint is the most common kind of oil paint, and many oil paints are therefore normally referred to as alkyd paints. Alkyd is simply the name of the synthetic resin, usually containing a vegetable oil, that is used as the binder.
What are the benefits of alkyd paint?
Alkyd paint provides resistance to mechanical damage from abuse and abrasion. Alkyd paint is therefore well suited to areas of high wear. It has traditionally been used for such frequently cleaned areas as:
Doors and trim, both inside and outside
Kitchens
Bathrooms
Cabinets
When would I use alkyd paint?
It depends on a number of factors. See Selecting Interior Paints and Selecting Exterior Paints for more information.
Can I use alkyd paint over latex paint?
Yes, but it is a good idea to do some sanding to provide adhesion.
Note: As a result of ongoing improvements in latex paint technology, latex paints can often be suitable for uses that traditionally required alkyd paints.

 

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