This glossary of Paint terms is one of the largest available on the Internet.

(Click on any letter below)

 

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Paint Terms Beginning with the Letter: A

ABRASIVE: Used for wearing away a surface by rubbing. Examples are powdered pumice, rotten-stone, sandpaper, steel wool.
ABRASION RESISTANCE: Resistance to being worn away by rubbing or by friction; related more to toughness than to hardness. A necessary quality for floor finishes, enamels, and varnishes.
ACRYLIC: Synthetic resin used in a latex coating with good gloss and color retention.
AEROSOL: A product feature that uses compressed gas to spray the product from its container.
ADHESION: The ability of a coating to stick to a surface.
AIRLESS SPRAY: A spray that increases the fluid pressure of paint by means of a pump that causes atomization with air, resulting in higher film build and little or no over-spray.
AIR DRY: The ability of a paint or coating to dry under normal conditions of temperature and humidity.
ALKYD: Synthetic resin modified with oil for good adhesion to a clean surface, and good gloss, color retention, and flexibility. Slow-drying.
ALKALI: A substance such as lye, soda, or lime that can be highly destructive to paint films.
ALUMINUM PAINT: A Paint that includes aluminum particles and gives a metallic finish when dried.
ALLIGATORING: Condition of paint film where surface is cracked and develops an appearance similar to alligator skin.
ANTI-CORROSIVE PAINT: Metal paint designed to inhibit corrosion. Applied directly to metal.
ANTIQUE FINISH: A finish usually applied to furniture or woodwork to give the appearance of age.
ANCHORING: Mechanical bonding of a coating to a rough surface as contrasted with adhesion which is chemical bonding.

 

Painting tips & tricks of the day


Choosing the right paint texture
Each paint finish has its own properties. The more matte the finish, the more it hides imperfections and uneven reflections, but it's less washable. The glossier the finish, the more washable it is, but also the more sensitive to imperfections and it will mask less efficiently. In order: glossy, semi-gloss, pearl, eggshell, satin, matte. Semi-gloss is best for hall walls and for windows and frames; use matte on ceilings and satin and pearl for the rest. Kitchens, bathrooms and basements have their own antifungal paints.

Drying paint and the temperature
Paint in a ventilated and temperate space. When temperatures are between 10C and 32C there's no risk, although 15c to 22C is ideal. Latex paint will dry in a few hours at this temperature. Oil-based paints will dry more rapidly in a warm, dry environment.

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

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