This glossary of Paint
terms is one of the largest available on the Internet.
(Click on any letter below)
Paint Terms Beginning with the Letter:
ingredient that speeds up a chemical reaction; sometimes
used in two-component paint systems.
CAMEL HAIR: Trade name
for tail hair from various types of Russian squirrels.
Used for lacquering brushes and lettering quills.
CAULKING COMPOUND: A
semidrying or slow-drying plastic material used to seal
joints or fill crevices around windows, chimneys, etc.
water-thinned Paint composed essentially of calcium
carbonate or clay and glue.
settling or drying of an emulsion paint as the water
formation of a loose powder on the surface of a paint
after exposure to the elements.
CLEAR COATING: A
transparent protective and/or decorative film.
CHECKING: A kind of
paint failure in which many small cracks appear in the
surface of the paint.
COATING: A paint,
varnish, lacquer, or other finish used to create a
protective and/or decorative layer.
color that can be added to paints to make specific colors.
of molecules within a coating [how it holds together).
Completely non staining cement. Ideal for applying wall
Paneling, and for covering counters, cabinets and table
tops with both porous and non-porous surfacing materials
ranging from linoleum to plastic laminates.
Ability of a consistent color across its entire surface,
Particularly during the coating to maintain a uniform
COVERAGE: The area
over which a given amount of Paint will spread and hide
the previous surface. (Usually expressed in square feet
Usually caused by corrosion of copper screens, gutters, or
downspouts washing down on painted surfaces. Can be
prevented by painting or varnishing the copper.
interlacing cracks on surface of finish.
defect in which poor adhesion of varnish to surface in
some spots causes it to gather up in globs.
CRACKING: The type of
paint failure characterized by breaks in irregular lines
wide enough to expose the underlying surface.
CREOSOTE: A type of
liquid coating made from coal tar that is used as a wood
preservative. It should not be used on wood that will be
CUSTOM COLOR: Special
colors made by adding colorant to paint or by intermixing
colors, which permits the retailer to match a color
selected by the consumer.
conversion or drying of a coating material.
CUTTING IN: Careful
painting of an edge, such as wall color at the ceiling
line or at the edge of woodwork.
Painting tips & tricks of
Doing clean touch ups
During light painting jobs, put a "Zip Lock" type sandwich
bag in a plastic margarine tub and fold the bag edges over
the rim. Pour the paint into the bag of your "paint tray"
and once the job is over, remove the bag and seal it, or
throw it away.
Giving old wood a fresh look
Exterior wood siding can be painted, or stripped and
painted. Strip paint using a torch by burning the old paint
and scraping it lightly being careful not to damage the
wood. Clean the surface with trisodium phosphate (TSP),
which you can find in the paint department of your local
home renovation centre. Repair siding where needed and
caulk. If you are repainting in the same colour, apply the
finishing coat after the wood is dry. If you are changing
colours, apply a primer coat followed by the new colour,
using exterior paint (an oil based primer will be necessary
if going from oil to latex). Avoid painting in full sun, at
sunset, in the early morning, in the rain or in the wind. To
keep bugs from sticking to the fresh paint, simply add two
tablespoons of citronella to the paint.