Paint Terms Beginning with the Letter:
SAND FINISH: Rough
finish plaster wall.
SAGS: Excessive flow,
causing runs or sagging in paint film during application.
Usually caused by applying too heavy a coat of paint or
thinning too much.
SANDING SU RFACES: A
heavily pigmented finishing material used for building the
surface to a smooth condition. It is sanded after drying.
SAL SODA: Crystallized
sodium carbonate. It is used for making cleaning solutions
to remove grease and grime from old painted surfaces.
SUBSTRATE: Surface to
SATIN FINISH: See
ability of a paint film to withstand scrubbing and
cleaning with water, soap, and other household cleaning
SEALER: A thin liquid
applied to seal a surface, to prevent previous paint from
bleeding through from the surface, or to prevent undue
absorption of the topcoat into the substrate.
SURFACE TENSION: The
property of a coating which makes it tend to shrink when
undesirable particles or granules other than dust found in
a paint, varnish, or lacquer.
STRIP: Removal of old
finishes with paint removers.
Controlled chalking of a paint film so dirt does not
adhere to the surface.
SEMI-GLOSS: Having a
luster between full gloss and flat.
degree of hiding greater than transparent but less than
separation in which pigments and other solids accumulate
at the bottom of the container.
particles or drips of liquid paint thrown or expelled when
SPREADING RATE: The
area to which a Paint can be spread; usually expressed as
square feet per gallon.
SHAKE PAINTER: A
rectangular-shaped flat Pad with an attached handle that
is used to paint shingles, shakes, and other special
surfaces and areas.
SET UP: A film that
has dried so that it is firm is said to have "set up".
SHEEN: The degree of
luster of a dried Paint film.
SHEEN UNIFORMITY: The
even distribution of fuser over the entire surface of an
SHELLAC: Derived from
a resinous substance called Lac. Used as a sealer and
finish for floors, for sealing knots, and other purposes-
A natural resin, usually in the form of thin flakes.
STIPPLING: A finish
made by using a stippling brush or roller stippler on a
newly painted surface before the paint is dry.
SKIN: Tough covering
that forms on paints if container is not tightly sealed.
SILICONE: See Resin.
SOLVENT: The volatile
part of paint composition that evaporates during drying.
SPACKLING COMPOUND: A
material used as a crack filler for preparing surfaces
irregular occurrence of lines or streaks of various
lengths and colors in an applied film; usually caused by
some form of contamination.