This glossary of Paint terms is one of the largest available on the Internet.

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Paint Terms Beginning with the Letter: S

SAND FINISH: Rough finish plaster wall.
SAGS: Excessive flow, causing runs or sagging in paint film during application. Usually caused by applying too heavy a coat of paint or thinning too much.
SANDING SU RFACES: A heavily pigmented finishing material used for building the surface to a smooth condition. It is sanded after drying.
SAL SODA: Crystallized sodium carbonate. It is used for making cleaning solutions to remove grease and grime from old painted surfaces.
SUBSTRATE: Surface to be painted.
SATIN FINISH: See Semi-gloss.
SCRUBBABILITY: The ability of a paint film to withstand scrubbing and cleaning with water, soap, and other household cleaning agents.
STYRENE-BUTADIENE: See Resin.
SEALER: A thin liquid applied to seal a surface, to prevent previous paint from bleeding through from the surface, or to prevent undue absorption of the topcoat into the substrate.
SURFACE TENSION: The property of a coating which makes it tend to shrink when applied
SEEDS: Small, undesirable particles or granules other than dust found in a paint, varnish, or lacquer.
STRIP: Removal of old finishes with paint removers.
SELF CLEANING: Controlled chalking of a paint film so dirt does not adhere to the surface.
SEMI-GLOSS: Having a luster between full gloss and flat.
SEMI-TRANSPARENT: A degree of hiding greater than transparent but less than opaque.
SETTLING: Paint separation in which pigments and other solids accumulate at the bottom of the container.
SPATTER: Small particles or drips of liquid paint thrown or expelled when applying paint.
SPREADING RATE: The area to which a Paint can be spread; usually expressed as square feet per gallon.
SHAKE PAINTER: A rectangular-shaped flat Pad with an attached handle that is used to paint shingles, shakes, and other special surfaces and areas.
SET UP: A film that has dried so that it is firm is said to have "set up".
SHEEN: The degree of luster of a dried Paint film.
SHEEN UNIFORMITY: The even distribution of fuser over the entire surface of an applied finish.
SHELLAC: Derived from a resinous substance called Lac. Used as a sealer and finish for floors, for sealing knots, and other purposes- A natural resin, usually in the form of thin flakes.
STIPPLING: A finish made by using a stippling brush or roller stippler on a newly painted surface before the paint is dry.
SKIN: Tough covering that forms on paints if container is not tightly sealed.
SILICONE: See Resin.
SOLVENT: The volatile part of paint composition that evaporates during drying.
SOLIDS: See Nonvolatile.
SPACKLING COMPOUND: A material used as a crack filler for preparing surfaces before painting.
STREAKING: The irregular occurrence of lines or streaks of various lengths and colors in an applied film; usually caused by some form of contamination.

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

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