First thing to do is to survey of all the surfaces. After
doing this, you will be able to determine what you will
All the marks will have to be sanded off. Use 80 grit
sandpaper. You will need to feather your sanding around
the mark somewhat because if you sand in one spot, there
will be a lighter difference on that spot Use 100 - 120
To describe rough, I refer to where a router or saw have
not completely removed the wood it was suppose to remove.
Also where the pieces meet or connect together such as
corners and other joints.
There are several methods to applying stain. I usually
just brush stain. I am not saying that it is the best way
to do it, but that is the way I do it. I prefer to stain
before the wood is installed. This makes the process of
staining much faster. To do this type of application,
layout the wood across two saw horses with a drop sheet
below to keep the mess to a minimum. Next mix the stain
thoroughly from bottom to top. Proceed by dipping the
brush into the stain about one inch up the bristols. Wipe
the brush off as you pull the can out of the stain. This
should leave enough stain in the brush to start. Place the
brush about five inches away from the end of the piece of
wood and drag it toward the opposite end. When the brush
begins to show signs of being almost empty stop and drag
the brush back past where you started at. Right past the
end. Again reload the brush and start about five inches
from where you had to turn back the previous stroke.
Repeat until the piece is completed. Once the piece is
completed, run the brush one end to the other without
stopping. Complete the rest of the wood following these
steps. Read the label. Be sure to always clean your brush
after each step of use.
Wait for about eight hours after staining the wood. The
wood is dry to touch in order to handle it. Follow the
same pattern of applying the stain when you apply the
sealer but remember to ensure that the cover is even. This
is accomplished by repeated hand motion back and forth.
Just like staining, once the piece is completed, run the
brush one end to the other without stopping. Complete the
rest of the wood following these steps. Well, you have to
wait two – four hours to make sure the sealer is dry. Sand
all the wood. Use 120 grit or finer. Read the label. Be
sure to always clean your brush after each step of use.
Install Wood with one coat of stain and one coat of sealer
First thing you can do after the wood has been installed
is be sure to inset all the nails with a nail punch. The
nails should be inset by about 1/16 – 1/8 of an inch.
Start to fill the nail holes with color matched putty. The
putty can also be used to fill small joints that are not
more the 1/16 of an inch in width. Joints that are larger
will need to be prefilled with wood cement or wood filler.
Sand all the wood. Use 120 grit or finer. After all this
has been completed, you can wipe each piece to remove any
excess putty and dust with varsol or mineral spirits.
First Finish Coat:
Apply the coat of your choice of finish whether it is
latex / varethane / urethane. Be sure to spread the finish
out as much as you can by striking back and forth. After
three or four feet, drag your brush back over quickly
where you had just finished to have a continuous follow
through stroke. Nothing looks worse then a lot of brush
marks. Let dry. Different products take shorter or longer
periods of time to dry. Read the label. Be sure to always
clean your brush after each step of use.
Now just a light sanding with 120 grit or finer. You just
want to take off any roughness of the finish. You do not
want to remove the finish! Wipe clean varsol or mineral
spirits to remove the dust.
Second Finish Coat:
Apply the second coat the same as the first coat. And you
are finished. Be sure to always clean your brush after
each step of use.