Wood Floor Is
Background: Most stains can be
pre vented or minimized by keeping wood floors well waxed,
and by wiping up any spilled liquid immediately. When
removing a stain, always begin at the outer edge and work
toward the middle to prevent it from spreading.
What to do: To clean dried milk or food stains, rub
the spot with a damp cloth, dry it, and re-wax the floor.
For stains caused by standing water, rub with No. 00 steel
wool and re-wax. If this fails, sand the spot lightly with
fine sandpaper. Clean the spot and surrounding areas using
No. 1 steel wool and mineral spirits or a commercial floor
cleaner. Let the floor dry, then apply matching finish on
floor, feathering it out into surrounding areas. Wax after
finish dries. For dark spots, including ink stains and
fresh animal stains I) clean the spot and surrounding area
with No. 1 steel wool and mineral spirits or a good floor
cleaner; 2) thoroughly wash the stained area with
household vine gar, allowing it to soak for 3 or 4
minutes; 3) if the spot remains, sand with fine sandpaper,
feather out 3 inches to 4 inches into the surrounding
area, re-wax, and polish.
Special advice: If repeated applications of vinegar
don’t remove a dark spot, apply an oxalic acid solution of
1 ounce acid to 1 quart water directly on the spot. (This
is a poisonous solution; use rubber gloves.) Allow
solution to stand 1 hour and then sponge the spot with
clear water. A second treatment may be needed. If that
fails, sand the area and apply a matching finish,
feathering it out into the surrounding floor area. Let the
finish dry and buff lightly with No.00 steel wool. Apply a
second coat of finish, let it dry, and wax. If the spot
still remains, the only option may be to replace the
affected flooring. (Note: Oxalic acid is a bleaching agent
and, if used, the treated floor area will probably need to
be restained and refinished to match original color.)
Helpful hint: For heel
or caster marks, rub vigorously with fine steel wool and a
good floor cleaner, wipe dry, and polish. For shallow
cigarette burns, use steel wool moistened with soap and
water. For alcohol spots, rub with liquid or paste wax,
silver polish, boiled linseed oil, or a cloth barely
dampened in ammonia, and then re-wax. For oil or grease
stains, rub on a soap with a high lye content, or saturate
a piece of cotton with hydrogen per oxide and place it
over the stain. Then saturate a second layer of cot ton
with ammonia and place over the first. Repeat until stain
is re moved. For chewing gum, crayon, or candle wax, try
applying ice until the material is brittle enough to
Frequently asked questions
How do colors effect room size?
warm colors like reds, oranges, and yellows close in a
space. Blues, greens, and violets tend to make a room look
larger. Dark colors have a diminishing effect. Whites are
always a good choice for making a room look larger.
My room has a chair rail and I am using two colors....?
on the look you want to achieve. If you want an open, airy
look, always paint the portion of the wall below the chair
rail darker allowing the lighter color to dominate.
Should trim work be painted the same color as the
Use the same
color to hide trim work, use a lighter or darker color to
bring out the trim work and add highlights.
Will the paint I choose look lighter or darker on the
surfaces make the paint appear darker. As a general rule,
always choose colors that are a shade or two lighter than
what you want. Do keep in mind that colors can also appear
lighter or darker depending on surrounding colors and
What is the best way to decide which color is best for my
chips home to determine the color of your room. A nice
technique is to hold the color chips in the daylight and
at night so you will see how lighting will effect your
What color should I paint my ceiling?
off-white colors will create the illusion of having a
higher ceiling and more open space. Whereas medium to dark
colors will create the illusion of lowering the ceiling.
Customarily, white or off-white tend to be used.
Will the paint actually match the color chip?
As a general
rule, paint on a color chip will appear slightly lighter
than when applied in a room. Always take into account the
sheen of the paint, the lighting in the room, and other
colors that are in the room.